#### MEC

**M E C – M.E.C with C.A.**

In ISO colleges we provide M.E.C with C.A. After 10th class, there are generally three streams that scholars invariably search and these are Art, commerce and Science. Apart from the above general streams, there are many other new courses accessible in the colleges such as computer science, electronic science, etc. It has detected that most scholars fear with science as it is hard and also don’t need to take arts as its too easy and injuries the ego of scholars; so pupils’ plans for commerce. But it’s not true in all cases those scholars who are actually serious in their studies take recommendations from their parents, seniors and also get advice from career counselors.

Well, most of the scholars who have completed their 10th class from several boards will be in a quandary about which group to select in their **intermediate**. One thing is that we require selecting a proper group as it is going to decide our future and once a decision is taken, we cannot look back in our life. Choose group based on your interest and don’t bother even if you get less in that subject in 10th standard, because it is sometimes potential that a scholar may get fewer marks despite the fact that he sounds well in that subject.

Scholars who are interested in mathematics can choose for Mathematics, Economics, and Commerce (MEC). If a student is interested in B.Com and what to become a charted accountant (CA) then, in that case, he or she needs to take MEC. Now MPC scholars are also eligible for Charted Accountant. After completing MEC, the scholars will do their B.com and after their graduation, they are eligible for MBA and For MBA the scholars want to write ICET.

There are many choices for a commerce pupil such as CS, CA, and ICWA the above are the top degree courses and nearly all the scholars who enter in commerce stream desire one of the above-specified degree. But apart from that you can also be a teacher, accountant and can be applied in the banking section. If you have an accounting background and have good command over tally, you can apply for an Accountant post in many companies nowadays.

#### Eligibility

SSC (10th Standard)

#### Curriculum

## TELANGANA STATE BOARD OF INTERMEDIATE EDUCATION,

HYDERABAD

## MATHEMATICS – IA

SYLLABUS

(w.e.f. 2012-13)

1. Functions

1.1 Types of functions – Definitions

1.2 Inverse functions and Theorems

1.3 Domain, Range, Inverse of real valued functions

2. Mathematical Induction

2.1 Principle of Mathematical Induction & Theorems

2.2 Applications of Mathematical Induction

2.3 Problems on divisibility

3. Matrices

3.1 Types of matrices

3.2 Scalar multiple of a matrix and multiplication of Matrices

3.3 Transpose of a matrix

3.4 Determinants

3.5 Adjoint and Inverse of a matrix

3.6 Solution of simultaneous linear equations

3.7 Consistency and inconsistency of Equations- Rank of a matrix

4. Addition of Vectors

4.1 Vectors as a triad of real numbers

4.2 Classification of vectors

4.3 Addition of vectors

4.4 Scalar multiplication

2

4.5 Angle between two non- zero vectors

4.6 Linear combination of vectors

4.7 Component of a vector in three dimensions

4.8 Vector equations of line and plane including their Cartesian equivalent forms

5. Product of vectors

5.1 Scalar Product – Geometrical Interpretations orthogonal projections

5.2 Properties of dot product

5.3 Expression of dot product in i, j, k system – Angle between two vectors

5.4 Geometrical Vector methods

5.5 Vector equations of plane in normal form

5.7 Angle between two planes

5.7 Vector product of two vectors and properties

5.8 Vector product in i, j, k system

5.9 Vector Areas

5.10 Scalar Triple Product

5.11 Vector equations of plane in different forms, skew lines, shortest distance

and their Cartesian equivalents. Plane through the line of intersection of two

planes, condition for coplanarity of two lines, perpendicular distance of a

point from a plane, Angle between line and a plane, Cartesian equivalents of

all these results

5.12 Vector Triple Product – Results

6. Trigonometric Ratios up to Transformations

6.1 Graphs and Periodicity of Trigonometric functions

6.2 Trigonometric ratios and Compound angles

6.3 Trigonometric ratios of multiple and sub-multiple angles

6.4 Transformations – Sum and Product rules

6.4 Transformations – Sum and Product rules

7. Trigonometric Equations

7.1 General Solution of Trigonometric Equations

7.2 Simple Trigonometric Equations – Solutions

3

8. Inverse Trigonometric Functions

8.1 To reduce a Trigonometric Function into a Bijection

8.2 Graphs of Inverse Trigonometric Functions

8.3 Properties of Inverse Trigonometric Functions

8.3 Half angle formulae and areas of a triangle

8.4 In-circle and Ex-circle of a Triangle

9. Hyperbolic Functions

9.1 Definition of Hyperbolic Function –Graphs

9.2 Definition of Inverse Hyperbolic Functions – Graphs

9.3 Addition formulas of Hyperbolic Functions

10. Properties of Triangles

10.1 Relation between sides and angles of a Triangle

10.2 Sine, Cosine, Tangent and Projection rules

10.3 Half angle formula and areas of triangle

10.4 In-circle and Ex-circle of a Triangle

***

## MATHEMATICS – IB

SYLLABUS

(w.e.f. 2012-13)

COORDINATE GEOMETRY

1. Locus

1.1 Definition of locus – Illustrations

1.2 To find equations of locus-Problems connected to it

2. Transformation of Axes

2.1 Transformation of axes – Rules, Derivations and Illustrations

2.2 Rotation of axes – Derivations – Illustrations

3. The Straight Line

3.1 Revision of fundamental results

3.2 Straight line-Normal form-Illustrations

3.3 Straight line – Symmetric form

3.4 Straight line-Reduction into various forms

3.5 Intersection of two Straight lines

3.6 Family of straight lines -Concurrent lines

3.7 Condition for Concurrent lines

3.8 Angle between two lines

3.9 Length of perpendicular from a point to a line

3.10 Distance between two parallel lines

3.11 Concurrent lines – properties related to a triangle

4. Pair of Straight Lines

4.1 Equations of pair of lines passing through origin, angle between a pair of lines

4.2 Condition for perpendicular and coincident lines, bisectors of angles

4.3 Pair of bisectors of angles

4.4 Pair of lines – second degree general equation.

4.5 Conditions for parallel lines – distance between them, Point

of intersection of pair of lines

4.6 Homogenising a second degree equation with a first degree equation

in x and y

2

5. Three Dimensional Coordinates

5.1 Coordinates

5.2 Section formulas – Centroid of a triangle and tetrahedron

6. Direction Cosines and Direction Ratios

6.1 Direction Cosines

6.2 Direction Ratios

7. Plane

7.1 C artesian equation of Plane – Simple Illustrations CALCULUS

8. Limits and Continuity

8.1 Intervals and neighbourhoods

8.2 Limits *•

8.3 Standard Limits

8.4 Continuity

9. Differentiation

9.1 Derivative of a function

9.2 Elementary Properties

9.3 Trigonometric, Inverse Trigonometric, Hyperbolic, Inverse Hyperbolic Function –

Derivatives.

9.4 Methods of Differentiation

9.5 Second Order Derivatives

10. Applications of Derivatives

10.1 Errors and Approximations

10.2 Geometrical interpretation of a derivative

10.3 Equations of tangents and normals

10.4 Lengths of tangent, normal, sub tangent and subnormal.

10.5 Angle between two curves and condition for orthogonality of curves

10.6 Derivative as Rate of change

10.7 Rolle’s Theorem and Lagrange’s Mean value theorem without proofs and their geometrical

interpretation

10.8 Increasing and decreasing functions

10.9 Maxima and Minima

## ECONOMICS-I

Syllabus (w.e.f. 2014-15)

Unit -1 : Introduction to Economics

Definitions of Economics – Fundamental Problems of an Economy – Micro Economics and Macro

Economics -Deductive and Inductive Methods -Static and Dynamic Analyses-Positive and Normative

Economics – Basic Concepts of Economics – Nature and Scope of Economics

Unit- 2 : Theory of Consumer Behaviour

Utility – Law of Diminishing Marginal Utility – Law of Equi-Marginal Utility – Shortcomings of Utility

Analysis – Indifference Curve Analysis

Unit – 3 : Demand Analysis

Part-A: Theory of Demand: Meaning of Demand – Demand Function – Determinants of Demand -Types

of Demand – Price Demand – Law of Demand r; Income Demand – Cross Demand

Part-B: Elasticity of Demand: Elasticity of Demand – Price Elasticity of Demand – Income Elasticity of

Demand – Cross Elasticity of Demand.:

Unit-4: Production Analysis

Concept of Production and Factors of Production – Production Function – Law of Variable Proportions-

Laws of Returns to Scale – Economies of Scale – Supply and Law of Supply – Cost Analysis -Revenue

Analysis

Unit-5: Market Analysis

Markets: Meaning and Classification – Perfect Competition; Meaning, Characteristics and Price

Determination – Imperfect Competition: Monopoly, Monopolistic Competition, Oligopoly and Duopoly –

Comparison between Perfect Competition and Monopoly

Unit-6: Theories of Distribution

Distribution of Income – Determination of Factor Price – Marginal Productivity Theory of Distribution –

Rent: Concepts and Theories – Wages: Concept, Types and Theories – Interest: Concepts and Theories –

Profits: Concepts and Theories

2

Unit – 7 : National Income Analysis

Definitions of National Income – Determining Factors of National Income – Concepts of National Income –

Components of National Income – Measurement of National Income: Methods, Difficulties and

Importance – Estimation of National Income in India

Unit – 8 : Macro Economic Analysis

Classical Theory of Employment – Keynesian Theory of Income and Employment – Public Finance -Centre-

State Financial Relations – Budget

Unit – 9 : Money, Banking and Inflation

Part-A: Money: Money: Concept, Evolution and Types – Functions of Money – Components of Money

Supply

Part-B: Banking: Banking: Commercial Banks – Central Bank or Reserve Bank of India: Objectives and

Functions

Part-C: Inflation: Inflation: Definitions an4Types – Causes and Effects of Inflation

Unit -10 : Basic Statistics for Economics

Concept of Statistics – Nature, Scope and importance of Statistics for the Study of Economics -Collection

of Data – Diagrammatic Presentation of Data – Measures of Central Tendency – Measures of Dispersion

***

## COMMERCE-I

Syllabus (w.e.f. 2014-15)

Chapter 1 : Concept of Business

1.1 Introduction to Business

1.2 Classification of Economic Activities

1.3 Characteristic Features of Business

1.4 Objectives of Business

1.5 Social Responsibility of Business Chapter

2 : Business Activities

2.1 Industry

2.2 Commerce

2.3 Hindrances involved in Commerce

2.4 Branches of Commerce

2.5 Inter relationship between Industry, Trade and Commerce

2.6 Distinction between Industry, Commerce and Trade

Chapter 3 : Forms of Business organisation

3.1 Concept of Business organisation

3.2 Forms of Business organisation

3.3 Sole Proprietorship

Chapter 4: Joint Hindu Family Business and Cooperative Society

4.1 Joint Hindu Family form of Business Organisation

4.2 Cooperative Society

Chapter 5 : Partnership

5.1 Meaning and Definition

5.2 Features

5.3 Types of Partners

5.4 Advantages and Limitations

5.5 Registration of Partnership

5.6 Partnership Deed

5.7 Rights and Duties of Partners

5.8 Dissolution of Partnership Firms

2

Chapter 6 : Joint Stock Company – Formation

6.1 Joint Stock Company

6.2 Features

6.3 Classification of Companies

6.4 Distinction between Private Company and Public Company

6.5 Advantages and Disadvantages

Chapter 7 : Formation of a Company

7.1 Steps In Formation of a Company

7.2 Promotion

7.3 Functions of Promoters

7.4 Types of Promoters

7.5 Incorporation of a Company or registration

7.6 Capital subscription

7.7 Commencement of Business

7.8 Memorandum of association

7.9 Articles of association

7.10 Prospectus

7.11 Minimum Subscription

7.12 Certificate of Commencement of Business

Chapter 8 : Sources of Business Finance-I

8.1 Meaning of Business Finance

8.2 Nature of Business Finance

8.3 Need for and Significance of Business Finance

8.4 Classification of Sources of Funds

8.5 Factors Determining the choice of Sources of Finances

Chapter 9 : Sources of Business Finance-II

9.1 Non-institutional Sources of Finance

9.2 Institutional sources of Finance

9.3 International sources of Finance

Chapter 10 : Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs)

10.1 Meaning and definition of Enterprise and MSMEs

10.2 Registration requirements under the MSMED Act, 2006

10.3 Significance of MSMEs

10.4 Privileges offered To Micro, Small And Medium Enterprises

10.5 Other Promotional Measures For MSMEs

3

Chapter 11: Multi National Corporations (MNCs)

11.1 Meaning and definitions

11.2 Necessity of Globalization

11.3 Multi-national Corporations

11.4 Features of MNCs

11.5 Advantages and Disadvantages of MNCs

Chapter 12 : Emerging Trends in Business

12.1 Meaning and Definition of E – Business

12.2 Scope of E-business

12.3 Benefits of E-business

12.4 Opportunities and challenges of business in 21st Century

12.5 Opportunities

12.6 Challenges

***

## ACCOUNTANCY-I

Syllabus (w.e.f. 2014-15)

Chapter 1: Book Keeping and Accounting

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Book Keeping

1.3 Accounting

1.4 Basic Accounting Terms

Chapter 2: Accounting Principles

2.1 Accounting Principles

2.2 Accounting Concepts

2.3 Accounting Conventions

2.4 Accounting Standards

Chapter 3: Double Entry Book Keeping System

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Meaning

3.3 Advantages

3.4 Account

3.5 Classification of Accounts

Chapter 4: Journal

4.1 Meaning

4.2 Proforma

4.3 Illustrations

Chapter 5 : Ledger

5.1 Meaning

5.2 Advantages of Ledger

5.3 Posting

Chapter 6 : Subsidiary Books

6.1 Meaning of the Subsidiary Books

6.2 The Need / Advantages of Subsidiary Books

6.3 Types of Subsidiary Books

6.4 Preparation of Subsidiary Books

6.4.1 Purchase Book

6.4.2 Purchase Returns Book

6.4.3 Sales Book

6.4.4 Sales Return Book

6.4.5 Cash Book

6.4.6 Bills Receivable Book

6.4.7 Bills Payable Book

6.4.8 Journal Proper

Chapter 7 : Journal Proper

7.1 Meaning

7.2 Advantages

7.2.1 Opening Entries

7.2.2 Purchases of Assets on Credit

7.2.3 Sale of Asset on Credit

7.2.4 Rectification entries

7.2.5 Adjustment entries

7.2.6 Closing journal entries

7.2.7 Transfer entries

7.2.8 Other entries

Chapter 8 : Cash Book

8.1 Meaning of Cash Book

8.2 Characteristics and Advantages

8.2.1 Characteristics

8.2.2 Advantages

8.3 Importance

8.4 Various kinds of Cash Book and their Preparation

8.4.1 Simple Cash Book

8.4.2 Double column Cash Book

8.4.3 Triple column Cash Book

8.4.4 Petty Cash Book

Chapter 9 : Bank Reconciliation Statement

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Nature Of The Cash Book And Bank Pass Book (Bank Statement)

9.3 Meaning and Advantages of Bank Reconciliation Statement

9.4 Procedure for Preparation of Bank Reconciliation Statement

9.5 Reasons for Difference

9.6 Preparation of Bank Reconciliation Statement

9.6.1 Favourable Balances

9.6.2 Unfavourable Balance or Overdraft Balance

9.6.3 When extracts from Cash Book and Pass Book are given

Chapter 10 : Trail Balance

10.1 Meaning

10.2 Features or Characteristics

10.3 Merits

10.4 Limitations

10.5 Types of Preparation

10.6 Proforma

10.7 Key Points

Chapter 11 : Errors and their Rectifications

11.1 Errors

11.2 Types of Errors

11.3 Rectification of Errors

11.4 Suspense Account

Chapter 12 : Final Accounts

12.1 Meaning

12.2 Objectives

12.3 Advantages and Limitations

12.4 Capital and Revenue Items

12.5 Preparation of Trading Account

12.6 Preparation of Profit & Loss Account

12.7 Balance Sheet

Chapter 13 : Final Accounts With Adjustments

13.1 Meaning

13.2 Types of Adjustments

13.3 Summary of Adjustments

13.4 Accounting Treatment to the Adjustments given in Trial Balance